maximumbuttitude:

geekscoutcookies:

luvyourselfsomeesteem:

tidiness:

after reblogging this i opened up a card my great aunt gave me it has money in it

It could be a complete coincidence but I reblogged this yesterday and toda I fouund $40 at the fruit maket

Eh,why not

I shit out thousands of dollars in pennies right now I am shitting out pennies this is happening why please help me

(Source: scarybilbo)

tags: money money money +

b1ush:

My cats are having a meeting.

(Source: huntergleason)

tags: cat + cats +

cat-pic:

迷子の子猫を保護しました。名前は丸天(仮)ですヾ(@⌒ー⌒@)ノ福岡のうどんにのってるアレです。飼い主見つかるといいね。

tags: cat +
Hi! I love studying animal behavior, it's what I wanna do when I grow up, but anyways. I read your post about cats and in one part you said something like only domestic cats use the tail-up thing? Well, I kind of remember watching a documentary about leopards that showed the kitty holding her tail up while walking past a group of wildebeest or something and it said she does that to show them she isn't hunting right now. Sorry I don't remember it well, but does that sound right?

koryos:

I think the show you’re referring to is Big Cat Diary (I loved that show!). However, in regards to it being “tail-up” behavior- it’s not. A domestic cat’s tail-up behavior is when the cat holds its tail straight up.

image

While the leopard’s signal looks more like this:

image

As far as I know, the “leopard telling prey that they aren’t hunting” theory is also not valid. If you think about it, it makes no sense; why would the leopard evolve a signal to tell prey it isn’t hunting? Or, in other words, if the prey successfully interpreted such a signal, why wouldn’t the leopard switch to using it all the time to trick prey into thinking it isn’t hunting?

Both intraspecific and interspecific signals need evolutionary incentive to stay “honest,” otherwise they would never work. For example, in the three-spined stickleback, females prefer to mate with males that have redder bellies, because males with fewer parasites are able to produce brighter colors. The males cannot fake this signal, otherwise every male would try to be as red as possible and it would lose its meaning.

Back to the leopard- it wouldn’t benefit the leopard to make its prey think it isn’t hunting, because the leopard probably would love for its prey to think that all the freakin’ time. However, there might be someone else that the leopard wants to tell that it isn’t hunting, someone that could harm the leopard enough to make it evolutionarily worth it to express an I’m-not-hunting signal. That someone would be any other large predator.

I’m not talking about a cost in terms of “other predators would try to eat the leopard,” I’m talking about kleptoparasitism. Both Asian and African leopards live in habitats rife with large predators, from lions to tigers to hyenas and even to wild dogs. These predators can all be opportunistic and will try to steal a leopard’s kills when possible. It would certainly benefit the leopard to signal to these creatures when it would do them no good to follow it, especially if they are large, hungry lions or tigers.

But the above is actually something I just came up with as an idea; there’s no actual scientific evidence I could find for what the leopard’s tail-curl actually means, just speculation. Another theory is that it’s used primarily to signal cubs when it is safe to follow; this is probably actually the theory that makes the most sense.

I’ve poked around the literature and found surprisingly little on leopard body language and social behavior, so if anyone has any good sources on hand I’d be excited to read them!

Refs and further reading:

Bakker, T.C.M. and Mundwiler, B., 1994, “Female mate choice and male red coloration in a natural three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)”, Behavioural Ecology 5: 74

Karanth, K. U., & Sunquist, M. E. (2000). Behavioural correlates of predation by tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus) and dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Nagarahole, India. Journal of Zoology, 250(02), 255-265.

tags: cat + cats + leopard + leopards + animals +
tags: pokemon + erika + what game was she in again? + i haven't played the older gen in such a long while +

femmadilemma:

printing this

(Source: texas-teen-pride)

tags: tru +

make me choose :: Kaneki Ken or Kirito asked by kirishimma

(Source: kammishiro)

tags: tokyo ghoul + kaneki ken + poor lil babbu +

muura:

i made this for myself (asked help from facebook friends) but i think maybe it will help someone else too 

tags: getting rid of stress +

rockettripsandbattleships:

I hate this

(Source: vine.co)

tags: cat +

thetacticianblair:

lucina really hates me…

tags: fire emblem + fire emblem awakening + lucina + robin + lmao + tru + it amususes me +